How to Become a General Practitioner in the UK

How to Become a General Practitioner in the UK

In the United Kingdom, general practitioners (GPs) are at the forefront of delivering basic healthcare services. GPs, as patients' initial point of contact, play an important role in diagnosing, treating, and managing a broad variety of medical disorders. Their knowledge of comprehensive care, preventive medicine, and health promotion is critical to the health of people and communities.

Demand for GPs has gradually increased in recent years, driven by factors such as population expansion, ageing demographics, and the growing healthcare demands of the UK population. As a consequence, for ambitious healthcare professionals who are enthusiastic about providing personalised, patient-centered care, the area of general practise offers intriguing potential.

To become a GP, you must complete a demanding educational programme, practical training, and continued professional development. GPs must have a thorough grasp of medical science, as well as good diagnostic abilities, great communication skills, and the capacity to establish trust and rapport with patients. They must also keep current on medical advances and research, always improving their expertise in order to deliver the best possible treatment.

The path of become a doctor of medicine is both difficult and rewarding. It starts with a firm foundation in medical education and then progresses to specialised training in general practise. Aspiring general practitioners gain a wide range of skills along the route, from clinical knowledge and decision-making to empathy and effective communication. These abilities serve as the foundation of their professional practise, allowing them to handle the specific requirements of each patient they encounter.

Furthermore, general practitioners have an important role in promoting preventative care and public health efforts. They work with people and communities to educate, empower, and assist them in choosing healthy lifestyle choices, managing chronic diseases, and avoiding illness. GPs that concentrate on holistic care not only address acute medical conditions, but also try to improve their patients' entire well-being and quality of life.

A career as a GP provides stability, professional progress, and a strong feeling of community participation, in addition to the great personal joy that comes from helping others. GPs may operate in a variety of settings, including local practises, community clinics, and hospitals, and can opt to be salaried GPs, partner GPs, or locum GPs based on their preferences and career aspirations.

This page is intended to help persons who want to become GPs in the United Kingdom. It gives a thorough description of the educational process, required credentials, and the transition from student to fully licenced practitioner. It also gives information on the Upper Earnings Limit (UMR) wage for general practitioners, offering insight into the financial elements of the profession.

Prospective GPs may obtain a better grasp of the route they need to take to become recognised and respected general practitioners by investigating the processes and requirements indicated in this article. So, let us dig into the specifics of this lucrative and noble profession, and learn about the rewarding path that awaits those who choose to work as a GP in the United Kingdom.

List of contents

1. Education and credentials

In the United Kingdom, being a general practitioner requires a solid educational background as well as gaining the relevant certifications. The path starts with a thorough medical education, which provides prospective physicians with the information and skills necessary to pursue a career in healthcare. The following are the important stages in the education and qualifying process:

a. Graduation from Medical School

To become a general practitioner, one must first complete medical school and get a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree. Depending on the programme, medical school normally lasts five to six years. During this time, students study anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and clinical skills, among other things.

A robust scientific basis and a thorough grasp of the human body and illnesses are provided by medical school to prospective physicians. Students learn how to diagnose ailments, interpret medical tests, and formulate treatment options. They also learn important skills including communication, cooperation, and ethical decision-making.

b. Fundamental Training

Doctors join the foundation training part of their study after graduating from medical school. This two-year programme attempts to bridge the gap between medical school and specialisation by allowing newly graduated physicians to obtain practical experience in various medical disciplines.

Doctors get foundation training in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals and community-based assignments. They rotate among many areas, including emergency medicine, paediatrics, surgery, and general practise. This encounter broadens their knowledge of patient care and improves their clinical abilities.

Not only does foundation training give hands-on experience, but it also focuses on the development of critical qualities like as communication, clinical reasoning, and professionalism. During this time, many physicians decide whether or not to pursue a career in general practise.

c. General Practise Specialty Training

Following completion of foundation school, ambitious general practitioners pursue specialisation training in general practise. This stage focuses on primary care competence and provides clinicians with the abilities needed to deliver comprehensive and ongoing medical care to patients of all ages.

General practise specialty training normally lasts three years. Trainees work in primary care settings under the supervision of experienced GP trainers, acquiring practical experience in addressing a broad variety of medical illnesses. Health promotion, illness prevention, chronic disease management, and mental health are among the topics included in the curriculum.

GP registrars are assessed and tested on a regular basis during their training to ensure they have the necessary competences. Written tests, clinical skills assessments, and evaluations of communication and consulting abilities may be included in these assessments.

Doctors are expected to exhibit competency in treating complicated medical diseases, delivering person-centered care, and functioning as important members of multidisciplinary healthcare teams by the completion of their specialised training.

d. Licensure and certification

Doctors must receive the required certifications and licences to practise as a GP in the United Kingdom. Membership in the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) and registration with the General Medical Council (GMC) are both required.

Doctors are entitled to apply for a Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) in General Practise after successfully completing speciality training. The CCT is conferred by the Joint Committee on Postgraduate Training for General Practise (JCPTGP) and denotes completion of the training necessary to become a fully qualified GP.

Doctors must also have a valid licence to practise medicine, which is provided by the GMC. The General Medical Council guarantees that all physicians in the United Kingdom fulfil the necessary professional standards and are competent to practise safely and efficiently.

Professional growth and revalidation are needed throughout a general practitioner's career. GPs are required to participate in lifelong learning, such as attending conferences, seminars, and courses, in order to keep current with medical advances and preserve their professional competency.

Doctors are well-prepared to begin their path as fully licenced general practitioners after finishing the relevant education and certifications. The parts that follow will look at the road to general practise specialisation, the function of postgraduate examinations, and the conditions for joining general practise as a trained GP.

2. Fundamental Training

Foundation training is an important step on the path to becoming a general practitioner in the United Kingdom. Doctors undertake this two-year programme after finishing medical school, which acts as a bridge between their undergraduate study and specialisation. Doctors receive vital practical experience and improve their clinical abilities throughout foundation training. Here's a more in-depth look at the foundation training process:

a. Orientation and Induction

Doctors go through an introduction and orientation phase at the start of foundation training. They get acquainted with the rules, processes, and clinical settings of the healthcare facilities where they will be working. Understanding the organisational structure, documentation systems, and rules of conduct are all part of this.

Doctors are exposed to the training program's goals, expectations, and evaluation mechanisms during induction. They are instructed on how to negotiate their postings and form strong working relationships with colleagues, nursing staff, and allied healthcare professionals.

b. Rotations and Positioning

Rotational postings throughout foundation training allow physicians to get expertise in a variety of medical disciplines. These rotations are intended to expose students to a wide range of clinical settings and patient demographics. Doctors often spend many months on each rotation, enabling them to get a comprehensive grasp of healthcare delivery.

Emergency medicine, general surgery, paediatrics, psychiatry, obstetrics & gynaecology, and primary care are all possible rotations. The primary care placement especially exposes physicians to general practise concepts and basic healthcare delivery.

Doctors get insight into multiple healthcare models, sharpen their diagnostic abilities, and learn to handle acute and chronic illnesses across varied patient populations by gaining experience in a variety of medical specialities.

c. Mentorship and supervision

Throughout their foundation training, physicians are supervised and mentored by experienced clinicians. Clinical decision-making, patient care, and professional growth are all guided and supported by supervising consultants and senior physicians.

These supervisors give frequent feedback, review physicians, and assist them in identifying areas for development. They have a significant impact on trainees' clinical skills, ethical reasoning, and capacity to operate successfully in interdisciplinary teams.

Mentorship also provides a forum for trainees to discuss their career goals, obtain advice on speciality options, and explore chances for professional development. Engaging with mentors helps physicians to obtain crucial insights from seasoned experts while also developing a long-term career goal.

d. Competency-Based Evaluations

Assessment is an important part of foundation training since it ensures physicians' development and competency. Trainees are evaluated on a regular basis based on their clinical abilities, knowledge, and professionalism.

Written tests, objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs), workplace-based assessments, and portfolio evaluations are examples of these assessments. The tests are designed to evaluate trainees' abilities to use medical knowledge, communicate effectively, and make appropriate clinical decisions.

Assessment feedback assists clinicians in identifying areas for improvement and tailoring their learning appropriately. It also guarantees that trainees possess the necessary competences and are prepared to go to the next level of their careers.

e. Personal and Professional Growth

The relevance of personal and professional growth is emphasised in foundation training. It encourages physicians to reflect on their experiences, identify areas for improvement, and actively participate in self-directed learning.

To broaden their knowledge and abilities, trainees are encouraged to attend educational events, conferences, and seminars. They may also take part in quality improvement initiatives, research activities, and presentations to expand their knowledge of evidence-based medicine and healthcare improvement.

Furthermore, physicians are counselled on how to preserve their health and well-being, since the demanding nature of healthcare professions necessitates self-care and resilience. They are advised to seek help and to use tools that promote work-life balance as well as physical and mental well-being.

Doctors have obtained important practical experience, solidified their medical knowledge, and developed crucial abilities for their future jobs as general practitioners at the completion of foundation training.

3. General Practise Specialty Training

Speciality training in general practise is an important step towards becoming a fully trained general practitioner (GP) in the United Kingdom. This training year focuses on establishing primary care competence and providing physicians with the abilities needed to deliver comprehensive and ongoing medical care to patients. Here's a more in-depth look of general practise specialisation training:

a. Admission to Specialty Training

After completing foundation training, physicians who want to work in general practise seek for a spot in the specialisation training programme. A competitive application is often used in the selection process, which evaluates the applicants' credentials, experience, and personal characteristics.

Successful applicants will be hired as General Practise Registrars (GP registrars) and will begin a three-year training programme. The training programme is intended to give extensive exposure to all facets of general practise and primary care delivery.

b. Rotations and Positioning

GP registrars complete a series of rotations and placements in primary care settings throughout their speciality training. These rotations expose students to the full scope of general practise, including acute and chronic disease treatment, preventative care, and holistic patient-centered care.

Registrars operate in general practises, reporting to experienced GP trainees. They acquire hands-on expertise in a wide spectrum of medical situations, from simple ailments to severe multisystem disorders. Registrars may also get experience in fields such as minor surgery, dermatology, gynaecology, and musculoskeletal medicine.

In addition to general practise assignments, registrars may spend time in other healthcare settings such as community clinics, hospitals, or speciality clinics to obtain experience in various facets of healthcare delivery.

c. Curriculum and Learning Objectives

The general practise speciality training programme includes a variety of areas and learning goals. Clinical knowledge, consulting skills, long-term condition management, health promotion, and understanding the social context of healthcare are examples of these.

GP registrars follow a systematic educational programme that includes official teaching sessions, small-group learning, case discussions, and self-directed learning. The programme is intended to improve registrars' clinical thinking, diagnostic abilities, and evidence-based decision-making capabilities.

Registrars are also encouraged to participate in research and quality improvement programmes to help develop primary care and evidence-based medicine. This encourages critical thinking, improves research literacy, and builds a culture of lifelong learning.

d. Evaluations and Examinations

Assessments and tests are an essential aspect of general practise speciality training. These assessments are designed to verify that GP registrars have the necessary competences and are ready to practise independently as qualified GPs.

Written exams, clinical skills assessments, workplace-based assessments, and professional behaviour evaluations are all examples of assessment procedures. These assessments look at the registrars' knowledge, clinical skills, communication skills, ethical reasoning, and professionalism.

In addition to these frequent examinations, registrars must keep a portfolio of their learning experiences, reflective practise, and accomplishments. The portfolio documents their growth and development during the training time.

e. Successful Completion and Certification

GP registrars are eligible for a Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) in General Practise after successfully completing the three-year speciality training programme. The granting of CCT denotes completion of the training requirements and achievement of the requisite competence to practise as a fully certified GP.

Registrars may pursue other credentials in addition to the CCT, such as a postgraduate diploma or master's degree in general practise or a similar discipline. These credentials add to their experience and give prospects for job growth or academic interests.

CPD stands for Continuing Professional Development.

As trained general practitioners (GPs), professionals must participate in lifetime learning and continuous professional development (CPD) to keep current on medical advances and best practises. Attending conferences, seminars, and educational activities, as well as engaging in peer discussions and clinical audits, are all part of this.

CPD activities enable general practitioners to improve their abilities, broaden their knowledge base, and maintain their professional standards. It also allows them to evolve with changing healthcare legislation, standards, and technology.

4. Registration and Membership

Doctors must meet specific membership and registration criteria in order to practise as a qualified General Practitioner (GP) in the United Kingdom. This section takes an in-depth look at the GP membership and registration processes:

a. Membership in the Royal College of General Practitioners (MRCGP) is required.

The MRCGP is a vital membership qualification for GPs in the United Kingdom. The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) administers a three-part test to examine the knowledge, abilities, and competencies necessary to practise as a GP.

  • Applied Knowledge Test (AKT): The AKT is a computer-based assessment of clinical knowledge and evidence-based practise. It examines applicants' ability to apply their knowledge to real-world circumstances and covers a broad spectrum of medical issues seen in general practise.
  • Clinical abilities Assessment (CSA): The CSA is a hands-on test that assesses applicants' clinical abilities, including as their ability to communicate effectively, make correct diagnoses, and manage patient interactions. It uses virtual patients in role-playing situations to measure applicants' consultation and examination abilities.
  • Workplace-Based Assessment (WPBA): The WPBA component includes continual evaluations during speciality training. It comprises clinical competence, professional behaviour, patient feedback, and reflective practise evaluations. These evaluations give a full assessment of a candidate's performance in real-world clinical situations.

The completion of all three sections of the MRCGP examination is required for membership in the RCGP.

b. Registration with the General Medical Council (GMC)

GMC registration is required for all physicians, including general practitioners, who desire to practise medicine in the UK. The GMC is the regulating authority in charge of upholding medical professionals' standards and ethical behaviour.

Doctors must satisfy the following standards in order to register with the GMC:

  • Primary Medical Qualification (PMQ): Doctors must have a recognised PMQ, which is typically achieved after graduating from medical school.
  • GMC Good Medical Practise (GMP): Doctors must show that they satisfy the GMC's Good Medical Practise requirements. This involves following ethical values, acting professionally, and guaranteeing patient safety.
  • English Language ability: Doctors from non-English-speaking countries may be required to demonstrate their English language ability by passing an authorised language exam, such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS).

The GMC issues a licence to practise to physicians who successfully complete the registration procedure. This licence permits them to lawfully practise as a qualified GP in the United Kingdom.

c. List of National Performers

In addition to RCGP membership and GMC registration, GPs in the UK must be on the National Performers List (NPL) in order to deliver primary medical services within the National Health Service (NHS).

The NPL guarantees that GPs satisfy specific eligibility requirements, as well as having the necessary credentials and professional standing to practise in the NHS. Documents such as evidence of credentials, medical indemnity insurance, and references must be submitted as part of the application procedure.

Being on the NPL allows GPs to work in NHS practises, join general practise teams and deliver medical services to patients inside the NHS framework.

d. Membership Renewal and Revalidation

GPs must participate in frequent revalidation procedures and meet the conditions set by these organisations to retain their membership with the RCGP and GMC registration. Typically, revalidation entails gathering evidence of continuous professional growth, getting patient feedback, and taking exams to show ongoing competence and professional development.

GPs who actively participate in revalidation exhibit their dedication to maintaining high standards of medical practise, remaining current on healthcare innovations, and ensuring patient safety and well-being.

5. Professional Advancement

A job as a General Practitioner (GP) provides several prospects for professional improvement and growth. This section discusses the several career paths open to GPs:

a. General Practise Partner

Many GPs desire to be general practise partners. Partnership enables GPs to participate in the ownership and administration of their practise. As a partner, GPs have greater influence over decision-making processes and the practice's future. They may help shape the practice's vision, establish offerings, and increase patient care.

Typically, becoming a partner necessitates proving a track record of clinical quality, leadership abilities, and a dedication to the practise. It might include a gradual move from associate or salaried GP to full partner.

b. A salaried general practitioner

Salaried GPs are paid a set salary by general practises or healthcare organisations. This work arrangement offers security and a consistent income without the burdens of practise ownership. Salaried general practitioners primarily concentrate on patient care, working with other healthcare professionals in the practise.

Salaried roles may be a great career choice for people who want a regulated work environment or wish to gather experience before pursuing partnership or other career options.

c. Visiting GP

Locum GPs operate on a temporary basis, stepping in for other doctors who are on leave or in high demand. They provide versatility and the possibility to operate in a variety of practise situations. Locum employment helps general practitioners to get experience with a variety of patient groups, work settings, and clinical issues.

Working as a locum GP allows you more flexibility in terms of working hours and the opportunity to mix work with personal obligations. It may be appealing to people who desire a more diversified and autonomous work environment.

d. Career Portfolio

Some GPs choose for a portfolio career, which entails juggling various tasks and responsibilities. Clinical practise, teaching medical students or trainee GPs, engagement in research or academia, and leadership roles within healthcare organisations or professional bodies may all be part of this.

A portfolio career enables general practitioners to vary their professional activities, maintain a work-life balance, and study diverse areas of interest in medicine.

e. Specialist Positions

Dermatology, sports medicine, palliative care, and mental health are just a few of the specialties that GPs might pursue. GPs may become experts in certain areas by earning extra credentials and training, allowing them to offer targeted care to patients with specific needs.

Specialist jobs in general practise allow for the development of advanced clinical skills, collaboration with experts from other disciplines, and contribution to improving patient outcomes in specialised areas of healthcare.

f. Management and Leadership Roles GPs with a desire to lead and manage might work in primary care networks, clinical commissioning groups, or healthcare organisations. These positions include strategic planning, service development, and policy implementation to enhance the quality and efficiency of healthcare services.

Leadership and management positions enable GPs to drive policy choices and fight for the interests of patients and primary care providers.

CPD stands for Continuing Professional Development.

Regardless of career route, GPs must engage in continuous professional development (CPD) to keep current with advances in medical knowledge, maintain professional standards, and assure the delivery of high-quality treatment. Attending conferences, taking educational courses, performing research, and participating in peer conversations are all examples of CPD activities.

GPs may improve their abilities, broaden their knowledge base, and have a substantial influence on the health and well-being of their patients and communities by actively seeking career advancement opportunities and investing in their professional development.

6. Employment as a General Practitioner

General Practitioners (GPs) are essential members of the healthcare team, providing basic medical care to patients of all ages and addressing a broad variety of health concerns. This section elaborates on the following major characteristics of functioning as a GP:

a. Consultations and patient care

The major emphasis of your job as a GP is patient care. You will encounter patients with a wide range of medical issues, from acute illnesses to chronic problems and preventative care. General practitioners provide extensive consultations, which include obtaining medical histories, doing physical exams, ordering diagnostic testing, establishing diagnoses, and developing treatment programmes.

General practitioners have long-term connections with their patients, ensuring continuity of treatment and comprehensive management. They focus on the physical, psychological, and social aspects of health, providing advice on lifestyle changes, preventative measures, and health promotion.

b. Collaboration of the Primary Care Team

To deliver complete healthcare, general practitioners collaborate closely with a multidisciplinary primary care team. Practise nurses, nurse practitioners, chemists, healthcare assistants, and administrative personnel may be part of this team. Collaboration with these professions enables coordinated treatment, efficient resource utilisation, and better patient outcomes.

GPs often assign responsibilities to other team members in order to ensure that the appropriate expertise is applied to each patient's requirements. Communication and cooperation are critical for providing high-quality primary care.

c. Referrals and Care Coordination

GPs serve as healthcare system gatekeepers, overseeing patients' healthcare journeys and sending them to specialists or other healthcare professionals as needed. Based on the patient's condition, they determine if expert consultations, diagnostic testing, or hospitalisations are required.

General practitioners also organise treatment for patients with complicated medical requirements, ensuring that diverse healthcare professionals collaborate to deliver integrated and seamless care. This entails frequent contact, the exchange of medical information, and the facilitation of care planning.

d. After-hours and on-call service Care

GPs may be expected to offer on-call services or operate in after-hours venues to ensure that patients get medical treatment outside of normal office hours. This might include answering phones, visiting patients at home, or working in urgent care centres. On-call duties enable GPs to respond to urgent medical needs, give advice, and select the right degree of treatment.

e. Professional Networking and Lifelong Learning

It is critical for a GP to maintain contact with the medical community. General practitioners participate in professional networking activities such as attending conferences, joining medical associations, and joining clinical networks. These encounters allow opportunity to exchange expertise, debate difficult situations, and remain current on medical advances.

Continuing education is essential for general practitioners to retain their professional competency. They engage in activities such as attending educational events, taking online courses, reading medical literature, and reflecting on their practise as part of their continuing professional development (CPD). CPD ensures that GPs have the most up-to-date evidence-based knowledge and skills.

f. Flexibility and Work-Life Balance

Working as a general practitioner provides freedom in terms of work hours and practise arrangements. GPs may operate in a variety of locations, including NHS practises, commercial clinics, and community health centres. They may work full-time, part-time, or sessionally, giving them a better work-life balance and the freedom to pursue personal interests outside of medicine.

Flexible working arrangements may suit a variety of lifestyles, parenting duties, or other commitments while still allowing for a meaningful influence on patient health and well-being.

g. Job Security and Professional Satisfaction

Being a general practitioner (GP) may be very fulfilling since it enables you to form long-term connections with patients, contribute to their overall health, and make a difference in their lives. GPs often value the range of medical illnesses they meet, the autonomy in decision-making, and the gratification of being on the cutting edge of patient treatment.

Job security is another important feature of working as a GP. Primary care services continue to be in great demand, giving a steady and secure career path.

Working as a General Practitioner is a rewarding and exciting job that allows you to directly touch people, families, and communities by providing comprehensive primary healthcare.

7. UK UMR Salary for General Practitioners

A General Practitioner's (GP) pay in the United Kingdom varies depending on various criteria, including experience, credentials, region, and kind of job. Here is an overview of the UMR (Upper Medial Range) remuneration for GPs in the United Kingdom:

a. NHS Employed GPs: GPs employed by the National Health Service (NHS) are paid according to NHS pay ranges. The UMR remuneration for hired GPs in the UK is from £60,000 and £88,000 per year, based on experience and duties. These values are for full-time employment, while part-time GPs will be paid in proportion to their contractual hours.

b. Independent Contractors: Many GPs are self-employed or operate as partners in a general practise as independent contractors. GPs receive a share of the practice's revenue as independent contractors, depending on the services they perform. The revenue varies greatly based on the size of the practice's patient list, financing arrangements, and contract discussions.

c. After-Hours and On-Call Payments: GPs who offer after-hours services or engage in on-call activities may be compensated in addition to their normal remuneration. These compensation make up for working unsocial hours such as evenings, nights, weekends, and public holidays. The amount varies according on the precise agreements and the intensity of the extra effort.

d. Career Advancement and Extra Income: GPs may increase their income potential via career advancement, extra credentials, and leadership responsibilities. Opportunities for higher income may exist by becoming a partner in a general practise or pursuing specialised interests. GPs who combine clinical practise with teaching, research, or managerial jobs may enhance their income.

e. Geographic Factors: Salaries for GPs might vary depending on where they work in the UK. Higher-cost-of-living places or areas with a GP shortage may provide higher pay or other financial incentives to recruit and retain practitioners.

It should be noted that the statistics supplied are approximations and may vary based on particular situations and unique agreements between GPs and their employers or practises. For accurate and up-to-date information on UMR remuneration for General Practitioners, it is best to consult the most recent NHS pay scales and seek expert guidance.


In the United Kingdom, being a General Practitioner (GP) is a satisfying and successful professional path. This article has offered an overview of the educational path, credentials, and procedure of becoming a general practitioner. It has also emphasised many elements of functioning as a general practitioner, such as patient care, cooperation with the primary care team, referrals, professional development, and career advancement.

General practitioners have an important role in delivering basic healthcare, addressing a broad variety of medical disorders, and promoting general health and well-being. They form long-term connections with patients, guaranteeing continuity of care and meeting their patients' medical, psychological, and social needs.

To become a GP, you must first complete medical school, then foundation training, and then specialise in general practise via speciality training programmes. GPs must also join and be registered with professional organisations such as the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) and the General Medical Council (GMC).

Continuing professional development is vital for general practitioners to keep current on medical advances and preserve their professional competency. GPs may advance their careers via partnership roles, special interests, and leadership positions, which can increase their work satisfaction and income potential.

Working as a general practitioner allows for more flexibility in terms of work hours and practise arrangements, allowing for a better work-life balance. GPs may also be able to offer after-hours care and contribute to their communities in a variety of ways.

It should be noted that a GP's income might vary depending on criteria such as experience, location, kind of job, and extra duties. The UMR remuneration for NHS-employed GPs ranges from about £60,000 to £88,000 per year, whereas income for independent contractors varies depending on the practise and patient list size.

To summarise, being a GP requires effort, constant study, and a desire to provide basic healthcare. It is a rewarding and recognised career that enables GPs to improve the health and well-being of people and communities.

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